Buy Now Pay Later services like AfterPay and ZipPay are growing rapidly in Australia as many people embrace the opportunity to take home goods or pay for services, they may not immediately have the money to pay for.
While these products may appear at first to be just another way to pay, it is important to realise they are really another form of credit – and like any other form of credit, you need to keep control of how much you borrow, or it can negatively impact your credit health.
Most BNPL providers are not bound by the same consumer protection laws as banks, which means they are not required to comply with the responsible lending obligations that apply to banks and other lenders.
They are not required to examine your income and existing debts to determine whether you will be able to meet your repayments on the money they are lending you.
Despite less rigorous affordability checks, BNPL can still have a lasting impact on your credit health, and even your credit report. You need to be very careful you use the services responsibly so that you do not take on debt that you cannot repay.
BNPL products are credit products, just like any other loan, and will take regular repayments from your bank accounts or credit card. As with credit cards, you will be charged a late fee if you miss a payment and the BNPL product will start becoming more expensive to use if the repayments are not being paid on time. If you use your credit card to pay for the BNPL product, you may also incur fees and charges with your credit card provider if these transactions are not paid off quickly.
Aussies are buying into BNPL services because of their convenience instore or online, and many people like the discipline of the repayment plans offered. And with so many BNPL services now available (such as Afterpay, ZipPay, BrightePay, PayRight, LatitudePay, Openpay & Humm) access to credit is never far away.
However, ease of access to credit can also make it more difficult to track your debts and you might find that you struggle to make other payments you need to make e.g., regular bills. Because of that it is important that you have a clear idea of the incomings and outgoings in your account and stay on top of your bills and all scheduled payments, including BNPL.
Make sure you are not paying your BNPL repayments at the expense of repaying your regular bills, or other debt repayments such as your car loan or lease, your mortgage, or credit card. BNPL payments are automatically deducted from your bank account or credit card, leaving a footprint on your bank statements that may be visible to other lenders when you apply for a loan or credit card.
Although missing instalment repayments on a BNPL arrangement will not generally show up on your credit report, if you default on the arrangement, it could lead to a lender placing a default on your credit report which could impact your ability to access credit elsewhere.
Importantly, using BNPL can affect your ability to get credit from lenders when you apply for a credit card or a loan. This is because other lenders you approach may look at your BNPL purchases when working out how much you can afford to borrow.
With that in mind, here are some tips for consumers to take control of their financial health if using BNPL:
- Be conscious of other repayment obligations. Make sure you are not paying your BNPL repayments at the expense of other debt, such as your car loan, mortgage, or credit card.
- Know your limits. Keep track of your BNPL usage and put a limit on it yourself. If you exceed or get close to your self-imposed limit, minimise further use until you have paid off your existing debt.
- Consider linking your BNPL account to your debit card instead of your credit card. Using credit to pay off credit by linking to a credit card is just postponing repayments - using a debit card means you are using your own money and might be avoiding credit card interest.
- Costs can add up. You are charged fees if you miss a payment for a BNPL product. It can add up if you are regularly late for payment.
- Having good credit is important. Keeping your credit report healthy by paying your bills on time will make you look better to a lender the next time you need to apply for credit. It takes time to build up positive payment habits to show that you are a trustworthy borrower. The best way to build good credit health is to focus on using credit sparingly and responsibly, only applying for credit you can afford and making payments on time.
- Make a budget and stick to it. Spending responsibly will make sure your credit is healthy even after events like COVID-19. If you are struggling, speak to your lender and ask for assistance.
The most important thing to remember, just because Buy Now Pay Later may seem like an easy way of using credit, just like other forms of credit, if not used correctly it can become a problem for your credit health.
There is a great deal of confusion among consumers in this space. The bottom line is that BNPL is credit the same as any other debt you may have – and so for consumers the same principles apply – look after your credit health by only taking on debt you can really afford.